A chalazion is an inflammation within the gland of the eyelid. It forms over several weeks and appears as a reddened lump or bump on the eyelid. A chalazion can cause eyelid tenderness and painful swelling. In some cases, chalazia can be treated at home. A doctor should treat a chalazion if home treatments fail or the condition gets worse.
You should contact your doctor if your chalazion does not respond to treatment, grows larger, or comes back. Your doctor can treat your chalazion with medication. In some cases, chalazia are surgically removed.
PreventionKeeping your eyelid clean and dry may help promote healing. You should avoid wearing eye make-up if you develop a chalazion. Avoid popping or squeezing a chalazion, this will only make the condition worse.
Am I at Risk
Risk factors may increase your likelihood of developing chalazia. People with all of the risk factors may never develop the condition; however, the chance of developing chalazia increases with the more risk factors you have. You should tell your doctor about your risk factors and discuss your concerns.
Risk factors for chalazia:
_____ Chalazia are more common in adults, although they can occur at any age.
_____ If you have had a chalazion, you are at risk to have another one. It is common for chalazia to recur.
_____ Hormone increases in the teenage years or during pregnancy may contribute to chalazion formation.
_____ Poor eyelid hygiene increases the risk of chalazia.
_____ Seborrhea, chronic blepharitis, and acne rosacea are conditions that are associated with an increased risk for chalazia.
_____ It appears that stress is linked to chalazia, but that association is not clear.
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The iHealthSpot patient education library was written collaboratively by the iHealthSpot editorial team which includes Senior Medical Authors Dr. Mary Car-Blanchard, OTD/OTR/L and Valerie K. Clark, and the following editorial advisors: Steve Meadows, MD, Ernie F. Soto, DDS, Ronald J. Glatzer, MD, Jonathan Rosenberg, MD, Christopher M. Nolte, MD, David Applebaum, MD, Jonathan M. Tarrash, MD, and Paula Soto, RN/BSN. This content complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information. The library commenced development on September 1, 2005 with the latest update/addition on February 16, 2022. For information on iHealthSpot’s other services including medical website design, visit www.iHealthSpot.com.